New TRA Type Approval Version in UAE You Must Know

New TRA Type Approval Version in UAE

The Type of Approval policies in the United Arab Emirates has witnessed a few updates to ensure compliance and safety. Telecommunication and Radio Equipment in the Emirates must not be operated without Type Approval from the regulatory body. Whether an importer or operating company, you better keep an eye on the approval standards to show compliance. Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (TRA) announced a new type of approval policy, 2.0, effective from May 15, 2019. This post will reveal everything you must know about the new TRA Type Approval version in UAE. Keep walking with us to learn more!

The New Version of TRA Type Approval in UAE:

The new version of TRA Type Approval includes various changes regarding selling, importing, and operating telecom and radio equipment. Concerned bodies should understand the postulates of this new version and comply with them for smooth operations inside UAE. The new version has explained everything with various compliance levels and suppliers’ declaration of conformity. Let us roll through the included points to understand the new version better.

1. Telecommunication Equipment Compliance Levels:

Telecom Regulatory Authority (TRA) has designed new compliance levels regarding telecom and radio equipment in UAE. One must never overlook these levels before importing or selling radio and telecom equipment in the area. These levels are:

i) First Level (Declaration of conformity):

Telecommunication and radio equipment often carry different risk levels, and the regulating authority is never ignorant of the degree. Equipment with higher risk is often approved after a hectic process as it can cause adverse effects in the industry. However, low-risk radio and telecom devices are approved easily, based on supplier declaration of conformity.

The first level of compliance relates to radio and telecom equipment with lower risks and priority. These devices are approved based on SDoC with technical standards and necessities.

ii) Second Level (General Equipment Registration):

This level shall apply to telecommunications equipment of medium risk and priority. It is applicable when the registered manufacturer or importer of telecom equipment provides proof of conformity with the technical standards. The importer must also meet fundamental requirements by submitting technical test reports issued by an ILAC-certified lab or based on a certificate of conformity issued by one of TRA’s certification entities,

If the certified test report is unavailable, TRA may test the equipment or request that it be tested in a licensed testing facility at the applicant’s expense. Do you want to approve your telecom equipment for smooth operations in UAE? Consider obtaining TRA Type Approval for your equipment!

iii) Third Level (Advance Equipment Registration):

The 3rd level concerns telecom and radio equipment with high risk and priority. The importer of the telecom equipment must provide proof of conformity with technical standards and requirements based on the following points:

  • Submitting a test report obtained from a recognized test lab
  • Undergoing additional technical tests at the telecom equipment lab

Being a manufacturer or importer, you must provide a sample of equipment for approval under this level. It is considered a mandatory part of the Type Approval process, and you must acknowledge it. Level 3 would be applied to all those devices that do not have a test report from certified test labs.

2. Supplier’s declaration of conformity (SDoC):

The Type Approval Regime has specified a few requirements, and manufacturers or importers should know about them. Registered manufacturers and importers must provide a supplier’s declaration of conformity per ISO/IEC 17050-1:2004. They shall be responsible for telecom and radio equipment conformity under the Type Approval Regime.

3. TRA Declaration Conformity Card:

You can associate the Type Approval Regime Conformity Mark with this point. Before offering, selling, or making the equipment available in the UAE market, the registered manufacturer or importer of telecom equipment must print the TRA Declaration of Conformity Card (Type Approval Regime Conformity Mark) in a legible, readable, and non-removable format on the equipment box.

To be obvious and readable to customers, the TRA Declaration of Conformity Card must be displayed beneath the display platform of telecom equipment in retail establishments. Do you want to approve your equipment before selling or operating in UAE? Consider obtaining TRA Type Approval with the help of an experienced telecommunication company in Dubai for your equipment from a regulatory authority!

Before patching the conformity card on the box, here are a few points to consider.

  • A product statement card (visible on the box)
  • The tag must be marked with only black and white colors
  • The QR code must contain basic information

Approve Your Telecom Equipment Before Operations!

UAE is highly concerned about telecom equipment users’ safety and streamlined experience (general public). Therefore, the country has developed strict standards and Type Approval policies for manufacturers and importers of radio and telecom equipment. They must approve the equipment from regulatory authorities before selling and operating in the UAE. Contact Tarkeeb Now to approve your equipment and ensure smooth operations in the area!

Backbone Cabling Vs. Horizontal Cabling – Key Differences to Know

Backbone Cabling VS Horizontal Cabling - Everything You Need To Know

Business and academic settings are incomplete without proper communication architecture. The cabling game has evolved, and industries should catch up to keep the infrastructure updated. Gone are the days when copper used to be the epitome of communication channels, and specialists would spend hours waiting for the network to send/receive files. However, with the invention of modern-day tools like fiber optics and structured cabling systems, the communication infrastructure has developed enough.

The wheel does not stop at structured cabling and fiber optic cables as it rolls on to new terms like backbone and horizontal cabling. To understand backbone vs. horizontal cabling, it would be best to roll through the subsystems of structured cabling to develop your base. Let us jump onto the next portion to understand the terms and their usability in communication infrastructure.

What is Backbone Cabling?

Backbone (vertical) cabling refers to a cabling system that supplies telecommunication access to different spots within a complex or facility. The cabling system facilitates the exchange of information among numerous location points by using wired access. When you dig deeper into the interconnection between entrance facilities, equipment rooms, and telecom rooms, you will find backbone cabling installed at the core center of these points.

You probably have been waiting for a standard definition of backbone cabling, and here it is:

“The function of the backbone cabling is to provide interconnections…Backbone cabling consists of the backbone cables, intermediate and main cross-connects, mechanical terminations, and patch cords or jumpers used for backbone-to-backbone cross-connection. Backbone cabling also includes cabling between buildings.” The definition was given by Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA).

Cables Used in Backbone Cabling:

Fiber optic cable is probably the most appropriate backbone cabling and is widely used. These cables provide much better bandwidth and performance than CAT5, CAT6, and even CAT7 twisted-pair copper cables. Moreover, fiber cables can run much longer distances than their counterparts, making them suitable for backbone cabling.

Main Components of Backbone (Vertical) Cabling:

Backbone cabling is not a standalone structure but consists of numerous essential components. These components are no less than pillars of the entire infrastructure and are explained here:

  • Cable Pathways: The routing space for cabling across a facility or complex is facilitated by cable pathways. These pathways have further sub-components, including conduits, shafts, raceways, and floor penetrations like sleeves/slots.
  • Support Facilities: The cabling system also needs supporting hardware at times. It includes fire-stopping hardware and cable support hardware like grounding.
  • Connecting Hardware: Connecting hardware comes in a combined shape, including sub-parts like connecting blocks, interconnections, patch panels, and cross-connections.
  • Backbone wiring: Backbone wiring includes different types of cables which can support the entire system. The wiring toolbox may include fiber optics, coaxial, twisted-pair copper, or a combination of these types.

Simple Diagram:

The diagram will help you see how the equipment and telecommunication rooms are connected through backbone cabling. Since backbone cabling provides interconnections between different points, a commercial building is well-off with this setting. It will show up like the following image.

Backbone Cabling VS Horizontal Cabling
Fig A: Backbone Cabling VS Horizontal Cabling
Backbone Cabling
Fig B: Backbone Cabling

What is Horizontal cabling?

Horizontal cabling extends from the telecommunication rooms to deliver data/information to individual work areas or workstations. Horizontal cabling is often installed in a star topology that connects each work area to the telecommunication room. However, one thing to remember is that horizontal cabling must not exceed 90 meters in length between Work Area Outlet and the termination point. Doing so means showing compliance with TIA Standards, which can keep your network green and running.

Horizontal cabling often uses copper cabling like CAT5e and CAT6a as the common cables; however, fiber optic and coaxial cables are also used sometimes. Horizontal cabling often runs straight through the floor and must be installed during the construction or renovation of a building.

Backbone and horizontal cabling are quite different regarding covering telecom service areas. Understanding the network topology and getting these cabling systems to work might test your technical skills. However, you don’t need to worry if you lack these skills, as professional structured cabling companies in Dubai can help you on this matter. You better consult them!

Cables used in horizontal cabling:

Horizontal cabling can consider the use of Ethernet and fiber optic cables for smooth operations. However, other cable types can also be used for voice and data transmission. The former uses Four-pair 100-ohm unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable (CAT5e, CAT6, or CAT6a cables), while the latter uses fiber optic cable (two-fiber 62.5/125-micron or 50/125-micron multi-mode cable.

Simple Diagram:

Horizontal cabling is usually installed in a star topology (as shown in the figure), which connects each work area with telecom rooms. The system includes the following points that you must remember while examining this system:

  • Telecom Outlet
  • An optional consolidation point
  • Horizontal cable
  • Mechanical terminations
  • Patch cords
Horizontal Cabling
Fig C: Horizontal Cabling

Backbone cabling VS Horizontal Cabling – Key Differences Explained

Backbone cabling usually connects entrance facilities and equipment rooms, whereas horizontal cabling covers a building’s individual work areas and stations. The main difference you will see between these two cabling systems is regarding the area that they cover. Some of the key differences are highlighted in the coming portion to help you better understand the two systems.

i) Coverage differences:

As specified, backbone cabling covers and connects different service areas compared to horizontal cabling. The former is to connect entrance facilities, equipment rooms, and telecommunication rooms. However, the latter is concerned about connecting telecommunication rooms to individual outlets on the floor.

ii) Different cabling requirements:

Although these two systems use the same cables (almost), backbone cabling has different requirements. Backbone cables are typically OFNR (Optical Fiber Non-Conductive Riser) rated and must adhere to strict fire-rating requirements. The backbone cable must be OFNP (Optical Fiber Non-conductive Plenum) certified if it travels through plenum areas (areas in the building used for air return in air conditioning).

Additionally, backbone cables’ cable strength differs from horizontal cables since backbone cables must be strong enough to carry their weight. Furthermore, backbone cables need to be properly secured, unlike horizontal cables.

iii) Structural differences:

Backbone and horizontal cabling also differ regarding structure. Backbone cabling often runs through the building floor and to different buildings when needed. However, horizontal cabling is limited to ONE floor, the same floor as the telecommunication room. Running horizontal cables between floors is possible but not recommended as it can degrade the network performance.

Picking the Right Cabling System for Your Project:

Choosing the right cabling system from the two can be hectic as the decision will test your technical skills. After you have gone through the core differences and structural anatomies of backbone and horizontal cabling, picking the right one should not be a great deal.

Having a trained cabling contractor to design and install your cabling infrastructure is crucial because backbone and horizontal cabling are essential parts of structured cabling. A poor design and installation job might result in various expensive and annoying issues for your company. Why not allow our specialized structured cabling experts in Dubai to help your cause?

The equation is simple! Backbone cabling should be your go-to option if you need to connect entrance facilities, equipment rooms, and telecom rooms. However, if you are looking to get workstations online, horizontal cabling is what you need. The best idea is to assess your project or networking needs and opt for a cabling system accordingly!

Let Tarkeeb be Your Structured Cabling Partner!

Choosing and installing a particular structured cabling type in your house/organization is a technical task. However, you don’t need to worry, as Tarkeeb could be your partner in cabling! You can trust the brand with years of experience installing and designing structured cabling for different organizations. Contact us today to set up the cabling game for your organization!


What is backbone cabling?

Backbone cabling, also known as vertical cabling, provides interconnection between telecommunication rooms, entrance facilities, and equipment rooms. The cabling system is installed from floor to floor and always uses fiber optic cables as they provide better bandwidth and performance.

What is the difference between the backbone and horizontal cabling?

The core point that defines the line between these two terms is the area of service they cover. If you want to connect entrance facilities, equipment rooms, and telecommunication rooms, you can use backbone cabling. However, Horizontal cabling is used to connect telecommunication rooms to the workstation outlets.

What type of cable is used for backbone cabling?

Backbone cabling always uses fiber optic cables as they provide better bandwidth. Fiber optic cables are used because of their efficiency, bandwidth, and ability to run long distances, outfoxing CAT5 and CAT6 cables.

What is horizontal cabling?

Horizontal cabling is used to connect telecommunication information outlets and workstations. The cabling system extends to the telecommunication enclosure and telecom room. Ethernet and fiber optic cables are commonly used to build this cabling structure across buildings.

What type of cable is used for horizontal cabling?

Horizontal cabling uses Ethernet and fiber optic cables for operations. The Four-pair 100-ohm unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable (CAT5e, CAT6, or CAT6a cables) is used for voice. Fiber optic cables (two-fiber 62.5/125-micron or 50/125-micron multi-mode cables are used for data transmission.

What is the maximum allowable distance for horizontal cabling?

The maximum allowable distance for horizontal cabling is 76 meters (250 feet). However, it can also be stretched to 90 meters, but it shall not exceed the limit if it is to comply with the TIA standards.

What Is Home Automation, And It’s Working?

What is home automation?

Home automation is the integration of different hardware appliances with internet technology that helps get a lot of work done inside your home. There are three main components or elements that ensure the automation of your home. Without these components, the working of the automation systems is impossible. The following are the three components you will need.

  • Sensors
  • Controllers
  • Actuators

The purpose of the sensors is to sense the changes happening within the building and then send the signals to the controllers to respond to the changes. These controllers send commands to the actuators, which include the activation or deactivation of the appliances. To control the tasks, you can use different methods, either use remote control, a mobile app or device, or voice recognition techniques. All these control methods are effective and provide you with efficient and safe means to automate your homes.

If you wish to learn more about home automation and its benefits, then this blog has all you are looking for.

What is Home Automation?

Home automation is the process of operating most of the electronic devices and equipment at your home without human effort. Gone are the days when you had to put a lot of effort into making an appliance or device work. With the help of automation systems, you can make these devices do most of the tasks through wireless communication or a control device. In simple words, home automation is the process of simplifying the workload and efforts a human has to put into doing a lot of tasks with increased safety of your buildings. Let’s discussed the main types of home automation systems.

Types of home automation systems you can consider

The type of automation system you will install in your home will depend upon the type of control you choose. There are several ways available with which you can automate the processes of your home devices and equipment.

Following are the three types of home automation systems that are a must to know before opting for one at your home.

1) Power Line Home Automation System:

The power line home automation system is one of the home automation methods and techniques that allow you to automate several tasks and functionalities using the existing wires. You do not have to install additional wires to get the functionality, but it is a must to have a home-based wire. However, these automation methods have certain limitations and drawbacks, which make them less preferable compared to wireless techniques.

2) Wired Home Automation System:

A type of automation technique in which all the devices and equipment in your home are connected to a controller with the help of a wire. This wire enables the communication between the equipment and the controller that manages the operations communicated by a computer. These automation systems still bind you to wires, making it extra work for you, and any failure to the wire may affect the operations of your home equipment.

3) Wireless Home Automation:

The name itself suggests that in this technique, there is no need to have a wire for the connection and control of the devices. Bluetooth or WiFi technology will work for you, and you may get control of almost all the appliances and devices in your home. But for the correct working of such systems in your home, the proper working and installation of the WiFi network are crucial. You can hire a smart home system solution to help you automate your home by installing, maintaining, and repairing the networks necessary for this automation.

Which Home Automation Features Must You Look For?

With the increase in the need for home automation, there are different systems and services available. But choosing the right one to get all the benefits that come with a smart home system or home automation is important. If you are confused about which system to choose, then there are a few features you need to consider.

You must consider some home automation features before automating most of your home operations.

a) Energy management

One of the major benefits and important features of automation systems within your homes is that they manage energy and power. With the help of sensor technology, automation systems enable you to minimize power consumption at your home. If you leave the room or any appliance, the automation system will turn it off after a certain time if they do not sense your existence or any need. If the automation system you install possesses such features and facilities, then you must go for it to reduce your power consumption costs.

b) Expandability

Expandability is also one of the features that are a must to look for when there are chances of adding or installing more devices in the future. Without the option available to expand your system with more products and services in the future, it is useless. This is why you must always ask for the services of network experts and technicians to ensure your system is designed and installed in a way to expand in the future.

c) Interoperability

One of the must-have smart home system features is that they are capable of working with other devices. If the systems within your home do not cooperate and work as a unit, they fail. The interoperability features of the system mean that the operations of one device are not affected by the installation or working of the other system within the systems. If there are interoperability problems, you can always consider someone to fix them. You can hire system integration experts in Dubai to fix network issues and make the system work correctly.

What are the Advantages of Home Automation Systems?

There has been a drastic change in the number of people casting their votes for smart homes. It is because of the ease and comfort these systems have provided to the people they were deprived of before. Introducing such smart technologies has benefited people in several ways that people today cannot think of their comfort without installing these systems.

Following are a few advantages that are a must for you to understand the significance of installing smart technologies in your homes.

1. Maximizing home security

With the installation of home automation systems, there is always a chance and option to skyrocket the security of your homes. By integrating surveillance cameras, door locks, motion sensors, and detectors, you can activate the security system using your mobile devices before going to bed. These types of building automation always provide you with flexibility, which means you do not have to bind yourself to ensure the safety of your home.

2. Remote control of home functions

One of the main benefits of home automation is that you can control most appliances and tasks even from a distance. You do not always have to be inside your home to control things; you can use your mobile phones to control things. Imagine getting your rooms chilled even before you reach home from work, which is only possible when you have such systems installed.

3. Saves Time

The installation and integration of automated systems help you save a lot of your time in different ways. For instance, imagine you are away from home, busy in the office, and suddenly you have to be at home to manage a few things. You may have forgotten to turn off the AC or any unnecessary lights. Instead of traveling back to your home and wasting your valuable time, you can control these appliances from a distance just because of automated systems.

4. Increased energy efficiency

You should better look for ways and methods to save energy and make your appliances and tools more energy efficient. With a smart home system, you can program things that will automatically adjust the temperatures inside your home to avoid unnecessary energy consumption. Moreover, the lights will automatically switch off if you are not in the room.

5. Home automation for the elderly and disabled

Seniors and disabled people are the groups of people that are dependent on others to get most of their daily tasks done. But thanks to the smart technologies that have minimized these human dependences of aged and disabled people. With such systems and technology in smart homes, this group can ensure their safety and enjoy several benefits effortlessly. Here are a few prominent and negligible benefits of smart technologies for elderly and disabled people.

a) Reminders

It is a real challenge for elderly age people to remember things that are an important part of their life. The consequences of forgetting to eat their daily pills are severe, and they should never skip their routine. With the help of automated systems, they can set reminders to make sure they are eating their medicines on time.

b) Monitoring facility for family

One of the benefits for the families of disabled and older people is that they can monitor them all the time. They do not have to be at home all the time to take care of them or monitor them; getting updates are now easier with smart home systems. The smart home automation technology lets you view and controls your home operations even when you are away.

c) Smart home assistants

Smart home assistants are another big advantage for people that are disabled and unable to move from their place to o certain tasks. With these smart assistants, the disabled person can switch the lights on or off just by giving verbal commands. Moreover, they can also use these smart technologies to manage the temperature of the home without needing anyone’s help.

What are the Examples and Devices of Home Automation?

There have been a lot of inventions when it comes to the development of smart home technologies, devices, and gadgets. All these devices introduced so far are successful and have provided several benefits for people using them in their smart homes.

Following are a few popular examples and devices of home automation systems.

i) iRobot Roomba 960

One of the best smart home technologies so far is the iRobot Roomba 960, which is a smart vacuum cleaner. With the help of your smartphones connected to this smart device, you can schedule and monitor the cleaning of your home. These devices are so smart that they charge themselves whenever the battery gets low and resume cleaning. Such smart systems have minimized the difficulty of cleaning the house for people with busy schedules.

ii) Samsung Smart Things

Samsung smart thing app is yet another technology introduced that helps you monitor and control several smart devices in your home. With the app installed on your phone, you can connect to all the smart devices, whether it is the smart switches, lights, thermostats, locks, and cameras. The major benefit of this technology is that you do not have to be home to control these devices if you have the app installed on your phone.

iii) Amazon Echo

Amazon Echo is the competitor of the Siri smart home technology that uses voice recognition technology to control IoT devices. The Amazon Echo lets you get answers to the questions you ask regarding weather updates or any other information on the web. Moreover, with such technology, you can also play music, helps find recipes, develop a shopping list, and much more with the available virtual assistant Alexa.

iv) Nest protect smoke alarm

The Nest protects smoke alarm is another important smart home technology that does not only generate alarms but also talks. These smoke alarms are able to detect the spread and leakages of gases like carbon monoxide inside your home. They also notify you about the existence of the problem and where it exists. You will get notifications and alerts on your smartphone whenever there is a problem.

v) Ecobee3 Thermostat

It is a wireless smart home technology that is connected with different sensors in multiple rooms to monitor the temperature. The best about this technology is that it can connect to multiple sensors and provide energy-saving benefits. After receiving temperature updates from multiple sensors placed in the room, this technology adjusts the temperature automatically.

Popular Home Automation Applications and Technologies

To make your ordinary homes smart, you need to install a few smart devices, and these devices will use different technologies to work. You will find the use of these technologies and applications in most of your day-to-day tasks and will be able to automate them for your ease.

Below are enlisted a few home automation applications and the technologies used in these applications, respectively.

I) Lighting Control Applications

One of the applications of smart technologies is for controlling the light within your home to enjoy several benefits. These applications not only reduce human efforts and time to turn on and off the lights, but they also serve energy-saving benefits. With light control applications, you either switch on or off the lights through voice commands or by smartphones when smart lights are connected to them.

II) Security System Applications

The applications of smart technologies are also found in increasing the safety and security of your homes. The integration of motion sensors, surveillance cameras, smart locks, and other security systems installed in your smart homes will ensure you are aware of any intrusion in your home. All these smart devices in your home for security purposes are connected to the cloud, which enables you to get real-time information regarding your home security.

III) Kitchen Appliances

One of the highly used areas of these applications is kitchen appliances that help you in a lot of tasks in the kitchen. Besides setting timers for when a kitchen appliance should turn on and off, you can also get a lot of help in appliance usage. These smart applications and systems will help you cook meals faster or warm your food remotely just by connecting your mobile phones to these smart applications.

IV) WiFi Technology

Today almost all smart home applications and devices are designed to be compatible with WiFi technology. It is because this technology is one of the most reliable options among many, and people demanding to have smart homes have mostly access to this technology. For better working of smart devices, you need to ensure that you have higher bandwidths and a reliable network connecting you to the devices installed in your smart homes.

V) Bluetooth Technology

One of the best and less energy-consuming automation protocols used in smart homes today is Bluetooth technology. These technologies are used when communications are being conducted from a short range. This technology will work well if you want to connect your control device to smart devices like smart lights and door locks. You can connect all the devices that operate or work on the same Bluetooth feature, no matter how many they are.

VI) ZigBee

ZigBee is one of the secure and wireless home technologies that enable you to automate your homes. In the beginning, this technology was used to automate commercial buildings, but today they are also used for automating residential places. One of the best things about this technology is that it lets you connect multiple smart devices with ensured security.

VII) Radiofrequency

One of the oldest protocols used for automation purposes is radiofrequency, which involves a receiver and transmitter for communication. The major use of these technologies or protocols is in remote-controlled smart devices. These technologies have limitations, which is why they may not be in use anymore in the near future. All the devices are connected to the receiver, which receives control commands through the transmitter.

Must-Have Home Automation System

Having a single device installed in your home will not make your home smart homes. For that, you have to have several smart devices and technologies which will eventually bag in all the benefits of smart home systems. Following are a few home automation systems that you must have in your homes.

  • In-Wall Modules or Smart Bulbs
  • Smart Switches
  • Smart Plugs
  • Door/window sensors
  • Smart wireless bells
  • Smart door locks
  • Security cameras
  • Virtual personal assistant
  • Fire sensors
  • Video/ audio distribution

What is a Voice Assistant?

The concept of controlling smart devices and other appliances in your home through voice is known as voice assistance. This smart technology enables you to not rely on your smartphones to send control messages or orders to interconnected smart devices. Your voice is enough to get most of the things done in your home.

The following are the most popular and most used voice assistant services used today in the world.

  • Alexa
  • Google Assistant
  • Siri

List of Technologies used in Voice Assistant

Voice assistants are all about listening to voice commands or communicating to software to perform certain actions or control a few devices. But have you ever wondered what technologies enable you to communicate and get a response?

Below is the list of technologies that successfully enable voice assistant features and services.

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Voice Recognition
  • Machine learning

Do you wish to automate your homes?

If you want to turn your ordinary homes into smart homes, then Tarkeeb is the ideal option to choose as it has expertise in working with businesses in this field. So, make sure to consult us today and connect yourself with the businesses and services that will ensure the development of smart homes and cities safely and effortlessly.

Home Automation Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Following are a few frequently asked questions about home automation systems and services.

What is home automation?

Home automation, also known as domotics, is the process of converting your ordinary homes into smart homes. To acquire this objective, you need to install a few smart devices and technologies in your homes.

Which home automation is best?

The answer to this question varies, but to ensure you have smart homes, you must opt for home automation systems that are easier to use and provide you with better control and access. Some popular home automation systems are Google Assistant, Apple Assistant, and Amazon Echo, with several others in the line.

What are home automation examples?

Some of the most popular home automation examples and devices include:

  • Amazon Echo and Echo Dot
  • Alexa
  • Google Assistant
  • Siri
  • Google Home
  • Philips Hue White and Color Ambiance Kit
  • Rachio Smart Sprinkler Controller
  • Inkbird Aqua Controller
  • Ecobee Thermostat

What is the need for home automation?

The major need for smart home automation systems is to increase your convenience, effortless task completion, increased home safety and monitoring, and energy saving.

What are the 3 common uses of home automation?

The most common uses of home automation systems and technologies are lighting control, security systems, and kitchen appliances.

What are the types of home automation systems?

The three main types of home automation systems are listed below.

  • Wireless home automation systems
  • Power line-based home automation systems
  • Wired or cable home automation systems

Structured Cabling System: Types, Subsystems, Standards & Uses

Structured Cabling System

The world is seeing a rapid increase in technological advancements. Undoubtedly, wireless technology is going places, but wire-based communication and networking must not be overlooked. Structured cabling is fast becoming known in the technological world, taking the industry by surprise. It is like a buzzword noticed by large businesses and households. Along with its subsystems, the structured cabling system better serves large data centers’ complex network requirements. Supported by standards like TIA/EIA-568, this technology is now the top priority of big data and communication centers worldwide. 

What is a Structured Cabling System?

Structured cabling is a telecommunication infrastructure designed in such a way that it supports numerous devices. A structured cabling system is a standardized system that consists of smaller elements called subsystems. The need for this kind of cabling is immensely increasing since it provides flexibility and high performance. Large corporations frequently update their cabling system and hardware, needing a structured cabling system. 

Understanding the Anatomy of Structured Cabling:

The defining feature of a structured cabling system is its organization. The cable is organized symmetrically and is composed of smaller subsystems. There are six subsystems in a structured cabling system, each performing its function in the network. The cabling methodology used in this scenario is called “point-to-point.” Moreover, the cable is supported by standards like TIA/EIA-568, making it the most reliable option for large data centers. 

What Makes a Structured Cabling System?

A structured cabling system comprises three elements: patch panels, switches, and trunks. The entire data infrastructure of the system works on these elements. For all the structured cable subsystems to work properly, the functionality of these elements is mandatory. A brief breakdown of these elements is given here.

  • Patch Panels: Patch panels are located at the central point. Patch panels are used to connect different ports through connecting cables. They can also be connected to switches using cords. Patch panels are used to join one network to the other, with all the connections bundled up. Patch panels maintain structured cabling since they connect different networks in the same room.
  • Switches: A switch is the main source of device connectivity to the connection. A switch is used to receive and transmit data further to computer devices and other Ethernet IP devices. Different devices can be connected through switches to patch panels. A switch is the most important factor in Local Area Networking (LAN)
  • Trunk Cables: A trunk is a cable that unites the number of wires running from one patch panel to another. Trunk cable contributes greatly to the structured cabling system organization—a group of wires ends up in a single line, keeping the numerous wires organized and well-structured. 

Types of Cables Used in the Structured Cabling System:

You would wonder what kinds of cables run into such an organized cabling system. A structured cabling system uses different types of cables, depending on users’ needs. A household may not opt for the same cable as a large data center would. The most commonly used cables are mentioned here.

1. Fiber Optic Cable:

An optical fiber is an assembly that is used to data signals in the shape of light. The cables are highly protected, with minimum to zero chances of data loss. Fiber optic cables provide high-quality services like fast data transmission speed and higher bandwidth.

2. Coaxial Cable:

Unlike the fiber optic cable, a coaxial cable transmits data signals in the form of electric signals. The chances of data burn are low due to improved coating and high efficiency. These cables are mostly used in Telephone connections and Broadband Internet connections. 

3. Twisted Pair Cable:             

Both businesses and households likely use a twisted pair cable. These cables are used to connect a business to a telephone company. Coaxial cables are mainly used in two forms, Shielded Twisted Pair (STP) and Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP).

Subsystems of a Structured Cabling System:

A structured cabling system consists of six subsystems (components). These subsystems work together as a single unit to better serve your data and networking needs. If a single subsystem fails to work, the rest of the unit will fail to work. These components of a structured cabling system are highly adhesive and inter-connected. All these components work together to bring efficiency into your business and data network.

The six components of structured cabling are the following:

  • Entrance Facility
  • Equipment Room
  • Backbone Cabling
  • Telecommunication Room
  • Horizontal Cabling
  • Work Area

Here, we discussed all of these subsystems in the coming lines.

1. Entrance Facility (EF):

The building entrance is the first subsystem where the external cabling connects with the inside communication cabling. As the name proposes, building entrance facilities are where outside communications cabling interfaces with the structure’s internal cabling. For the most part, it comprises the links, network division points, connecting equipment, and protection devices. 

The main part of an entrance facility is the boundary point or demarcation point, usually referred to as the “demarc.” This is the point where the private telecommunication cabling starts, and the ISP company’s connection is cut-off. The company owner is then liable for any cabling on the premises starting thereon.

2. Equipment Room/Telecommunication Closet:

An equipment room is a place inside a structure that houses the media communications cabling framework hardware. This incorporates the terminations and additionally cross-interface for the horizontal cabling framework. There should be at least one wiring storeroom, of which the size is subject to the service place. 

A professional structured cabling company takes great care of this while installing structured cabling at your place. They know if a single subsystem is down, the entire structure will halt. You can better understand these subsystems if a professional company is installing them. 

3. Backbone (Vertical) Cabling:

Next comes the backbone cabling in the line. Also referred to as vertical cabling, it acts as a bridge between telecommunication rooms and entrance facilities. The cabling framework incorporates the backbone links, fundamental cross-connects, and mechanical terminations. The links can run between floors (known as risers) or between structures (interbuilding). 

Backbone cabling consists of the cables that run through the entire infrastructure. It covers the major portion of the whole premises. The backbone cabling itself has two subsystems, which are discussed here.

  • Cabling subsystem – 2: It connects horizontal cross-connects and intermediate cross-connects. 
  • Cabling subsystem – 3: It connects Intermediate cross-connects and the main cross-connects. 

4. Telecommunication Rooms (TR):

A Telecommunications Room (TR) or Telecommunications Enclosure (TE) houses the end focuses for your framework’s backbone cabling and horizontal cabling. It is supported by fiber jumpers or fixed cords, making it strong. Something significant to note about a telecommunication enclosure is that it serves a more modest region than a telecommunication room. There should likewise be one telecommunications room for each floor of a structure. An experienced telecommunication company ensures that the fiber jumpers and the cords are working properly. 

5. Horizontal Cabling:

Horizontal cabling acts as a connecting bridge between telecommunication rooms and outlets or work areas. This sort of cabling is typically introduced when the building is newly constructed. Horizontal cabling generally is an unshielded turned pair link or UTP. Since the cable is sensitive and can create an electromagnetic field, it is installed carefully. 

Installing companies usually take great care of such lines while installing them. The maximum distance permitted between devices is 90 meters. An additional 6 meters consider fixed links at the media transmission storage room and work zone. 

However, the consolidated length of these links can’t surpass 10 meters.

6. Work Area:

The work area is said to be a place where the equipment of the end-user lies. Workstations with various devices like personal computers or any Wi-Fi-enabled devices that plug into a divider source are in the work area. Work-area segments connect the end-user to the sources in the cabling subsystem.

Each work area must contain two permanent links (Telecommunication outlets). The work area can cater to multiple users’ needs as a connecting bridge between the outlets and end-users. Multiuser Telecommunications Outlet Assemblies (MUTOAs) fall under the work area subsystem. 

Structured Cabling Standards:

A telecommunication network comprises various technologies and systems that ensure high-end performance and eliminate network downtime. Modern-day networking is incomplete without structured cabling technology as they offer multiple positives to your network.

The two main structured cabling standards are ANSI/TIA-568 and ISO/IEC 11801. Understanding these standards before installing them is essential to ensure you stay on legal grounds while operating your network. Let’s discussed further these structured cabling standards in the coming lines.

1. The ANSI/TIA-568:

The TIA &EIA published the first version of the Commercial Buildings Telecommunications Cabling System under the guidance of the TIA TR-41 Group and other associated subcommittees. The version was called ANSI/TIA/EIA-568, sometimes known as TIA/EIA-568. It was the first standard version of structured cabling published in the 90s.

The Computer Communications Industry and Association (CCIA) proposed the EIA for building a specification. The purpose of this proposal was to encourage the use of structured and standardized cabling systems across different networking centers.

Purposes of ANSI/TIA-568:

The standard was built to define multiple things across the telecommunication industry. Some of the major points are enlisted here.

  • To build a network cabling specification
  • To support more than one vendor application
  • To direct the design of telecom equipment
  • To establish technical and performance guidelines
  • To specify a structured cabling system
  • To define guidelines for structured cabling system installation

Moreover, the ANSI/TIA-568 addresses the following basic things:

  • Subsystems of structured cabling system
  • Recommended topology and distances
  • Networking practices
  • Installation techniques
  • The lifespan of telecom cables

2. The ISO/IEC 11801:

The ISO/IEC is an international standard for structured cabling and networking systems and is followed across the globe. It regulates and standardizes the cabling system, irrespective of the IT infrastructure they are used in. Moreover, you need to know that these standards are strictly reviewed every five years.

Any commercial building should follow the general standard for network cabling and installation. Section 11801 deals with these general standards which cover the following things:

  • Data
  • Voice and video services for cabling
  • Specifications for copper cabling
  • Fiber-optic cabling specifications

Both these standards should be followed while installing the structured cabling network across any data center. These standards incorporate the cable layout and physical installation of the structured cables.

Various Applications of Structured Cabling

Different businesses and data centers can use structured cabling systems to improve performance. Households with cable and internet connections also access the technology. The amount and size of data increase with more technological tools in the arsenal. Structured cabling is used for better performance on several fronts, such as data centers, network cabling, smart buildings, security purposes, DAS system, etc. The most common uses of this cabling system are further discussed here.

1. Large Data Centers:

Since data centers need strong support from the cabling system, structured cabling is at their service. It assists the data canter in managing and sending a large amount of data. Due to its improved structure and functionality, there are no chances of data burn. 

2. Network Cabling:

One can use a structured cabling to connect different devices inside a room. Since the Internet of Things (IoT) is taking over, the need for increased connectivity is rising. For better networking, structured cabling is the best option.

3. Security Purposes:

The connectivity of different devices is necessary for the security of your business. Businesses with sensitive data can better utilize structured cabling since it is highly effective. They are used in CCTV system installation and other surveillance equipment like control sensors. 

4. Distributed Antenna Systems:

A distributed antenna system (DAS) is widely used by large businesses to provide Wi-Fi service to employees. The process incorporates mass notifications and large data carriage. A structured cable can better serve the needs of companies using distributed antenna systems. 

Why Hire a Professional Structured Cabling Expert for Cable Installation?

Cable installation is a complex process and must be left to professionals. Expert structured cabling companies’ services are matchless when it comes to successfully installing complex cable types. Contact us now if you need to install a structured cabling system for your business or house. 

Structured Cabling FAQs:

What are some of the main structured cabling standards?

The two main structured cabling standards are ANSI/TIA-568 and ISO/IEC 11801. However, ISO/IEC is the international standard for cabling and is followed across the globe.

What are the components of structured cabling?

The six components of structured cabling are the following:

  • Entrance Facility
  • Equipment Room
  • Backbone Cabling
  • Telecommunication Room
  • Horizontal Cabling
  • Work Area

What is the international standard for structured cabling?

The ISO/IEC is an international standard for structured cabling and networking systems and is followed worldwide.

How To Improve Your Home Security System?

How To Improve Your Home Security

Homes are supposed to be a safe haven where people feel secure and protected. Unfortunately, homes are among the top crime sites. Thefts, robbery, and even murder are common crimes that take place at homes. Paying attention to home security has become extremely important, although the authorities try their best to control the crime rate.

Technology has made a lot of fruitful contributions to the well-being of humanity. The invention of the home security system is one of the best provisions of technology that helps human beings to ensure their security without relying on anyone else. However, it is not so simple and requires proper planning and execution to ensure safety and security round the clock.

 Keep exploring this article in detail to learn how you can improve your home security systems.

Top 8 Tips to Make Your Home Security Foolproof

In this modern era, almost every other home is full of valuables that can tempt any robber or thief. Apart from expensive home appliances, laptops, mobile phones, jewelry, and a little cash are always present in any home. Most important of all, precious human lives matter a lot. Not everyone can hire security guards, but improve the home security system.

The following are the top tips to make your home security foolproof and feel well-protected and safe in your little heaven.

1. Use Wired Security Cameras

Security cameras have become quite common in this era, as they provide the best surveillance service. Wireless cameras are popular; however, they are not much efficient and can be broken or robbed easily. Use wired security cameras, which offer higher bandwidth and better-quality footage. People generally acquire the service of SIRA certified integrators to install wired security cameras, which are approved by authorities and shun their security concerns.

2. Monitor Your Burglar Alarms

One of the most important tips to improve your home security system is to install and monitor your burglar alarms. Fix the alarms in the hidden corners from where they cannot be spotted easily. In addition to it, use automated alarms, which you can monitor through your mobile phone. Just ensure the fact that the devices are approved by the authorities.

3. Install a Variety of Security Systems

When you are investing in your home security system, you should not rely on a single surveillance camera. Install a variety of security systems at multiple strategic locations in order to ensure a foolproof arrangement. You can use wired security cameras indoors and outdoors, in addition to burglar alarms, which can notify the authorities in case of an emergency.

4. Install Indoor and Outdoor Sensor Lighting

The world is using smart technology to make the life of common people easier and more comfortable. Smart lights are one of the greatest inventions of technology, which not only save power but boosts security. You can install indoor and outdoor sensor lights, so you can notice the presence of any suspicious individuals around your home before they can cause any damage.

5. Automate All Doors and Windows

Gone are the days when doors and windows were locked manually. Using a duplicate key or breaking the lock was quite easier for the criminals and did not provide any security. Now is the era of smart home automation. So, be sure to automate all your doors and locks. You can control the system through your mobile devices and ensure to check it if you suspect forgetting to lock your home.

6. Use Smart Locks

Instead of ordinary locks, which can be tempered and broken easily, invest in smart locks. Smart locks operate through codes and passwords. They are designed keeping security purposes in mind. So, it is not easy to hack, break, or temper with smart locks. They are the best choice to improve your home security system.

7. Hire Professionals for Security System Installations

Equipping your home with a Security System is one of the most crucial things you can do to improve your home’s security, but you must ensure it is properly installed. Apart from installation, you need to ensure that the equipment, system, and installation company are all approved by the appropriate Government authorities.

In the UAE, any wireless equipment must be approved by the TRA & any company designing, installing & maintaining a security system must be approved by SIRA. You can hire SIRA-certified integrators from Tarkeeb to ensure the proper installation of an authorized and certified security system.

Work on the Improvement of your Home Security System to Live Peacefully!

There can be nothing more terrifying than feeling insecure in your home. Using unauthorized security devices can add to your expense while not providing any benefit. So, do not trust just any security system provider. Contact the professionals to access only verified and authorized security devices that boost your safety and help you live without feeling insecure at all times. Pay attention to your home security system and make the most of your investment.

Different Types of Fiber Optic Cables: Essential Guide

Different Types of Fiber Optic Cables

The world of technology is evolving with every passing moment. It is evident from the fact that wired networks have become wireless, but it is not the end. Even the cables have made a significant improvement in sophistication, and fiber optics is the most glaring example.

There is no denying that fiber optics has revolutionized the telecommunication sector owing to optimal speed and seamless connectivity. It is because you can send data signals across the world at the speed of light for improved network performance.

When you decide to have your fiber-optic network, you will have to choose from plenty of options and different cables based on uses and underlined structure. There are multiple types of optical fiber cables used for networking, and each one comes with its pros and cons.

What is a fiber optic cable? Where is it used?

In simplest words, a fiber optic is a cable made up of fiberglass threads and a casing for encapsulation. It is known as an optical fiber. The primary purpose of designing fiber optics is to ensure high-speed data transfer over a considerable long distance.

The cable’s basic structure includes glass strands that are similar to human hair and an insulation jacket to ensure incredibly high bandwidth. The wires are used to support cable television, telephone lines, and the internet worldwide.

In recent years, fiber optic networks have replaced copper wires and networks for signal transmission, including the internet. These fiber optic cables provide the backbone for many systems, including campuses, office buildings, industrial plants, and many other industries.

How do optical fiber cables work?

The working principle of fiber optics is the “total internal reflection.”  In this way, light rays are used to send data from one node (device or computer) to another at an incredible speed. The rays of light travel straight in the lines. Therefore, the fiberglass strands help harness the light’s advantages without any crack, bend, or mold in the wire.

Basically, the design of fiber optic cables supports inward rays using TIR to ensure continuity for data transmission. One reason behind its growing popularity is that it uses light signals to transmit data. Therefore, fiber optics is resistant to electrical interferences, which may affect signal transmission. In order to eliminate the risks of signal loss, an Optical Fiber Rely System is used has the following parts:

  • The Transmitter for producing signals and encoding them in the form of light
  • The Optical Fiber for transmitting the signal (plus)
  • The Optical Receiver for receiving and decoding the signal back into a digital message
  • The Optical Regenerator for ensuring data transmission at a considerable distance

Is it complicated to comprehend? Are you looking for a suitable networking structure for your office or industrial premises? Your search ends with the best fiber optic companies in Dubai, as you can acquire services for A-Z everything. No doubt, professionals can assist you from network planning to the testing process for foolproof data transmission at high speed.

Types of Fiber Optic Cables Used in Networks:

Nevertheless, you may find a wide variety of cables available in the market. However, the selection of a suitable cable depends on your requirements. For this reason, it is essential to consider nature and structure for an in-depth comprehension of fiber optic cables. It’s easy; just go through the types of fiber optics, and you can buy the required one accordingly.

Understanding different cable types are essential for consumers to choose the best one for their businesses to support higher bandwidths. Understanding each type of cable will help you find the right one for you. So, let’s have a look:

1. Single Mode Cable

As its name indicates, the single-mode cable has only one mode or ray of light. It comprises one fiberglass strand. The diameter of the cable is 8.3 to 10 microns, and it supports approximately 1310 or 1550 nm of data transmission. However, it carries a higher bandwidth as compared to multi-mode fiber.

Single-mode cable is also known as mono-mode fiber optics owing to its uni-mode fiber and one-way wavelength. You can use this cable to transmit data to a considerable distance. It is approximately fifty times more as compared to multi-mode. It is because the smaller core of the single mode has less distortion and delays.

Therefore, a smaller core and single light signal eliminate any distortion that could delay transmission. You can expect high transmission speeds than any fiber optical cable available on the market.

2. Multi-Mode Cable

Multi-mode cables can carry multiple signals, and they have a core diameter of 50 or 62.5 µm. It doesn’t offer as high bandwidth as its counterparts, but it is relatively high. You can get this type of optical fiber cable for transmitting data at high speed, ranging from 10 to 100MBS, covering an area of 275m to 2km for Gigabit.

It can provide connectivity over medium distances. A typical multi-mode cable core has diameters of 50, 62.5, and 100 micrometers in which light waves are dispersed into numerous paths. In the case of long connections, multiple paths of light can result in signal distortion or loss at the receiving end. Therefore, it can carry multiple signals, but there is a loss of range. Multi-mode cables come in two variants, as discussed below:

a) Step-Index Multimode Fiber

Step index multi-mode cable has a thick core for signal transmission. These are usually used for moderate distances but can offer long-range signals when used with amplifiers. However, in this cable, the light signals enter at various angles and are transmitted through the cable at different rates. Some might travel directly, while others may zigzag. This type of fiber is best for short distances.

b) Graded-Index Multimode Fiber

Graded index multi-mode cable has the core arranged in circles, just like a tree. Unlike the step-index fiber, light signals in the graded-index travel faster and in ring form. This cable can handle multiple wavelengths of light at once, making it perfect for data transfer and communication. It can support a transfer rate of around 100 GB. It is fast because the light signals don’t zigzag, which reduces the travel distance.

3. Plastic Optical Fiber (POF)

A plastic optical fiber (POF) is a polymer optical fiber. It transmits light signals through its core but is more robust than glass fiber because it is quite resistant to stretching and bending. It used a polymer material for cladding. In POF, 96% of the core can facilitate the transmission of light signals. You can use it for short distances.

Categories of Fiber Optic Cable by Design:

There are two main types of cable designs used in the fiber optics industry. These cables are as follows:

1. Loose Tube Cable

Loose Tube Cables are mostly used outside. It can hold up to 12 fibers per buffer tube with a maximum fiber count of more than 200 threads. In these cables, color-coded tubes protect the optical fibers, and it also includes a gel filling that protects the cable from water penetration. It acts as a buffer and protects the cable from external stresses.

2. Tight Buffered Cable

Tight buffered cables are primarily used inside buildings. These cables are very flexible and used for alternative routing within the building and connecting outside plan cables to the terminal equipment. It has a rugged structure that protects the individual fibers during routing and handling.

These cables are preferred because they are easy to install and handle. These are also less expensive as compared to loose-tube wires, so make sure to consult fiber optic UAE-based experts to get the lowest price and best material.

Benefits of Fiber Optic Internet

Fiber optic cables promise excellent results, and it also the future proofs your house or office space because fiber is the future of the IT industry. Some of its excellent benefits include the following:

  • Fiber optic networks offer high internet speeds up to gigabits.
  • Fiber optic networks offer high-speed data transmission with more bandwidth.
  • It can also transmit signals at a considerable distance without any interruptions.
  • Fiber optic cables don’t require a lot of maintenance if they are of good material.

Get the best Type of Optical Fiber Cable for your Network!

Summing up, it is essential to choose the right network medium to ensure seamless data transmission. For this, you may focus on the network’s qualitative requirements, including nature, structure, scale, robustness, bandwidth, speed, and other elements.

These cables have their specifications and can support different bandwidths and distances. The best type of fiber optic cable for your use will depend upon your installation place, environment and the kind of performance needed.

Depending on this, you can mix and match the available types of fiber optic cables to get the most sophisticated data transmission facility. So, consider consulting a telecommunication infrastructure company today! So you can enjoy a fully functional network for all your business needs.

Learn more:

Structured Cabling SystemTypes and Subsystems – A Detailed Guide

Backbone Cabling Vs. Horizontal Cabling – Key Differences to Know

What Is Home Automation – Everything You Need To Know

Top 8 Tips to Improve your Home Security System